What is Teenage Pregnancy?
Teenage Pregnancy is the state of pregnancy of a woman who is still in her teens. If the girl is younger than 20 years of age before the end of her pregnancy, it is a case of Teenage Pregnancy.
Causes of Teenage Pregnancy
Teenage Pregnancy may happen due to early marriage as is common in many developing countries. Unfortunate cases like rape or sexual abuse can also result in this situation. Unawareness of contraceptive devices and other safety measures is a major cause of rise in Teenage Pregnancy.
In recent years, Teenage Pregnancy is mainly the result of unprotected sexual activities between consenting teenagers. This is more particular in developed nations.
Why is there Teenage Pregnancy?
Having early sex, meaning sex prior to marriage or before attaining the right age, has become a trend these days.
Teenagers are increasingly indulging in sexual activities out of curiosity and to have instant gratification.
Intake of alcohol and drugs has also increased among teenagers in modern society. Use of these substances in high amounts lead to intoxication and excites teens to make them wilfully engage in unprotected sexual activities.
Carelessness in using contraceptive devices, as is common in intoxicated people, or non-use of protective measures is a prime factor behind Teenage Pregnancy in developed nations.
Teenage Pregnancy Facts And Figures
In spite of increasing awareness about sexual diseases and protection during sexual activities, Teenage Pregnancy is on the rise.
Source : blingcheese
Here are some statistics on Teenage Pregnancy that you need to know about. Go though these facts about Teenage Pregnancies.
US Facts About Teenage Pregnancy
- In the US, one in every ten children is born of a teen mother.
- In 2000, 84 women out of every 1000 people in the US were in their teens when they became pregnant.
- The 18-19 age group has the highest rate of pregnancy in the United States, followed by the 15-17 age group.
- U.S has the highest teenage birth rate and abortion rate among all developed countries.
- 82% of teen pregnancies in the US are unplanned.
- A third of pregnant teens decide to give birth to their baby. One-third aborts their child while the rest suffer from miscarriages.
- Teenage pregnancies cost the United States approximately $7 billion per year.
Facts on Teenage Pregnancy Growth in the U.S
- Between 1992 and 2000, pregnancy has dropped 23% in the 15-17 age group but only 11% in the 18-19 age group.
- Rising awareness about protection during sex and use of contraceptives during copulation has reduced teen pregnancy birth rate since the early 90s. Birth rate from teen pregnancy has been lowered by approximately 34% in white women and about 40% in black women.
- Since 2006 however, teen pregnancies are again on the rise. Between 2005 and 2006, there was a 3% increase in teen pregnancy.
Teenage Pregnancies Statistics as Per Race
The most cases of teen pregnancy occur in people of Hispanic origin.
According to The Guttmacher Institute, pregnancy rate is the highest in black teens of the 15-19 age group. A report by the same institute suggests that 90 percent of these teens having unprotected sex may become pregnant within a year.
European Facts Teenage Pregnancy
- Many Western European nations have very low teenage pregnancy rates.
- Low teenage pregnancy rate in Western European nations can primarily be attributed due to factors like adherence to traditional values, fear of social stigma, good sex education and higher use of contraceptives.
Startling Statistics for Teenage Pregnancy
- A male child born to a teen mother is thrice as much likely to go to prison after growing up than the son of an older mother.
- Carrying out Caeserian sections on teen mothers during childbirth can lead to health complexities like Eclampsia and Obstetric Fistula. In worse cases, there can also be death of the infant or the mother.
- A girl born to a teen mother stands a 22% higher chance of becoming a teen mother herself.
- Children born to teen mothers are seen to have lower birth weight. An underdeveloped pelvis gives rise to complicated conditions during childbirth.
- Most children born out of teen pregnancies suffer neglect from their mothers and perform poorly in school.
General Statistics of Teenage Pregnancy
- According to the international organization ‘Save The Children’, 13 million children are annually born out of teenage pregnancy.
- As per a report by ‘Save The Children’, the sub-Saharan region in Africa has the highest rate of teen pregnancy in the world.
Teenage Pregnancy Information
- Teenagers who are emotionally more attached to their parents are less likely to have unprotected sex and suffer an early pregnancy.
- Teen mothers are less likely to finish their high school diploma. Only a third of teen mothers succeed while the others have to rely on welfare.
- Teens raised by both parents have lesser chance of indulging in early sexual activities.
- Social taboo, desire to avoid pregnancy, the fear of going against their religious doctrines, fear of contracting a sexually-transmitted disease (STD) and not getting the right partner are some factors behind Teenage Pregnancy prevention.
- Peer pressure, pressure from boyfriend, curiosity, drug and alcohol induced intoxication and impact of media are some reasons that result in teenage pregnancy.
- The Internet has become a veritable source of information about safe sex. But a lot of sexual predators entice teenage girls through internet. There have been many cases of date rapes in the last few years.
- The impact of teenage pregnancy is a negative one and it has disastrous consequences on the minds and bodies of sexual partners as well as their family members. Proper sex education and increased awareness on safe sex is the need of the hour to avoid all Teenage Pregnancy cases that may arise in future.
Source : commons.wikimedia
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