Mount Everest is an enigma to most of us. The tallest peak in the world, situated in the Himalayas, standing at a majestic height of 8,848 metres above sea level has been a source of fascination and excitement for all adventure lovers and mountaineers from all parts of the world. Most mountaineers have a secret dream- the desire to scale Mount Everest.
Even now the thought of embarking upon an Everest expedition excites each and every mountaineer. The enigma of Everest probably lies in the name itself- Everest, the tallest of the peaks of the Majestic Himalayas, the peak everyone desires to scale and to experience the magnificent feeling of being on top of the world. For a child, the first time he learns about Mount Everest, it becomes a secret desire to scale it one day. Not everyone grows up to be a mountain climber for it indeed is a very dangerous profession.
Mount Everest was formed like most mountain peaks are formed- by volcanic or tectonic activity. All mountains were formed as a result of violent changes on the surface of the Earth, which had occurred millions of years ago. People often might think of mountains as unchanging and everlasting. But geologists who study mountains have conclusively proven that mountains are constantly changing and are not everlasting.
In spite of the constant change in nature, Mount Everest has maintained its supremacy among the mountain peaks of the world. It is still the tallest peak in the world and despite the many successful Everest expeditions; it remains an enigma and is shrouded in mystery. There are many hidden secrets of Mount Everest that even the most experienced mountain climber is not aware of. There are certain slopes of Everest which cannot be scaled even with a great deal of difficulty. But in spite of all the danger, a number of brave mountain climbers have risked their lives and limbs to scale Mount Everest. A number of lives have been lost in the process. But that does not daunt the fearless mountaineers who continue to go on Everest expeditions.
A number of expeditions to scale Mount Everest have been made over the years. Here we are going to document five of the most successful expeditions to scale Mount Everest. These expeditions are considered as the benchmarks of the Everest expeditions, and for all mountaineers who attempt to climb Mount Everest, these expeditions are a source of inspiration, and provide the necessary courage to go ahead with the expedition. So now we begin with the five most successful Everest expeditions of all time.
The Mallory Expedition, Year 1924
George Mallory was a British mountain climber and avid adventurer who had undertaken an expedition to Mount Everest in the year 1922. The expedition was ill-fated as several porters or sherpas had been killed in a mishap, in an avalanche. But Mallory hadn’t given up and had embarked upon a second expedition to Everest in the year 1924, exactly two years later when he reached the Everest base camp and set out to scale the mountain peak. And thus began one of the most famous and ill-fated expeditions ever in the history of Everest expeditions.
On the 8th of June, 1924 the ill-fated Mallory expedition began. After a lot of accidents and mishaps, Mallory and his climbing partner Andrew Irvine parted company from the rest of the members of the expedition and went on forward against all odds. They were sighted on the Second Step from a distance, by Noel Odell, a member of their expedition. The Second Step, as all mountaineers will know, is only a few hours from the summit. But Mallory and Irvine never returned, so it was never known whether they had actually climbed Mount Everest or not. George Mallory’s body was found in 1999, but Irvine’s body was never found.
The First Successful Ascent of Everest, Year 1953
We all know the story of Sir Edmund Hillary and sherpa Tenzing Norgay who were the first people to ascend Mount Everest. They were part of a British expedition that had set out to conquer the heights of Everest. Sherpa Tenzing and Sir Hillary, on 29th May 1953 became the first men to climb to the top of the Everest.
The First Solo Ascent, Year 1980
In the year 1978, the famous Italian mountain climber Reinhold Messner (along with his climbing partner, Peter Habeler) climbed to the top of Mount Everest without using bottled oxygen, a feat that was considered impossible. Two years later he made another record by climbing Everest alone.
The Everest Disaster, Year 1996
In the year 1996, more than 30 climbers set out together from the Everest base camp to scale Everest. Although they managed to reach the summit, most of them died in a blizzard due to cold exposure.
The Fastest Ascent Ever, Year 2004
The Fastest ascent of Everest was made by sherpa Pemba Dorjie in 2004.He completed the feat in just eight hours and ten minutes.